Chuyên đề câu so sánh môn tiếng Anh lớp 9 Ôn thi vào lớp 10 môn tiếng Anh

Chuyên đề câu so sánh môn tiếng Anh lớp 9 gồm 24 trang có đáp án giải chi tiết kèm theo với 10 bài tập tự luyện khác nhau ở nhiều mức độ. Tài liệu bao gồm cả kiến thức lý thuyết giúp học sinh làm bài nhanh, đạt điểm cao trong các bài kiểm tra, bài thi sắp tới.

Ôn thi vào lớp 10 chuyên đề câu so sánh trong tiếng Anh giúp các em nắm vững kiến thức đã học trên lớp cũng như ôn luyện thêm các bài tập nâng cao, hỗ trợ quá trình tự học tiếng Anh hiệu quả. Tài liệu được sắp xếp khoa học với nhiều mức độ khác nhau giúp học sinh đánh giá chính xác năng lực của mình. Ngoài ra các bạn xem thêm: ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh ôn thi vào lớp 10 năm 2024 - 2025, Bài tập Phrasal Verbs với Look lớp 9.

I. Lý thuyết về câu so sánh thi vào lớp 10

→ Short and long adjectives (Tính từ ngắn và tính từ dài):

Tính từ ngắn là tính từ có một âm tiết. Tính từ có hai âm tiết trở lên là tính từ dài.

e.g: Long, short, nice, dry,…là tính từ ngắn.

Careful, careless, complicated, bored,… là tính từ dài.

→ Short and long adverbs (Trạng từ ngắn và trạng từ dài):

Trạng từ ngắn là trạng từ có một âm tiết. Trạng từ có hai âm tiết trở lên là trạng từ dài.

e.g: Hard, fast, late, soon, …là những trạng từ ngắn.

Quickly, interestingly, tiredly, slowly…là những trạng từ dài.

→ Lưu ý: Các tính từ hai âm tiết tận cùng là “y”, “ow’’, “le”, “er”, “et” thì ta coi như tính từ ngắn.

e.g: Happy, lovely, lazy, busy, narrow, simple, clever, quiet,…

Early được coi như trạng từ ngắn.

1. I. Equal degree (So sánh bằng):

S1 + (be/ V)c + as + adj / adv + as+ S2 + ( be/ Trợ động từ)c
+ O

e.g: She is as tall as I am = She is as tall as me. (Cô ấy cao bằng tôi.)

He runs as quickly as I do = He runs as quickly as me. (Anh ấy chạy nhanh như tôi.)

2. Comparatives: (So sánh hơn):

S1 + (be/ V)c+ adj/ adv (short) + er+ than + S2 + ( be/ Trợ động từ)c / O
+ more adj/ adv (long)

e.g: My friend did the test more carefully than I did. = My friend did the test more carefully than me. (Bạn tôi làm bài kiểm tra cẩn thận hơn tôi.)

He is more intelligent than I am. = He is more intelligent than me. (Anh ấy thông minh hơn tôi.)

John is stronger than his brother.

He runs faster than I do.

III. Superlatives (So sánh nhất):

S + (be/ V)c + the+ adj / adv (short) + est
+ most + adj / adv (long)

g: That was the happinest day of my life.

Maria is the most beautiful in my class.

Cheetah runs the fastest in the world.

Of the students in my class, Nam speaks English the most fluently.

Double comparatives (So sánh kép):

  • Càng …càng…:

II. Bài tập có đáp án

Exercise 1: Choose the best answer to complete the sentence

1. Of the four dresses, I like the red one _________ (best/ the best).

2. John is (less/ the least) _________ energetic of all the men.

3. My cat is the (prettier/ prettiest) _________ of the two.

4. David is the (happier/ happiest) _________ person that we know.

5. The museum is (the father/ the farthest) _________ away of the three buildings.

ĐÁP ÁN

1. Of the four dresses, I like the red one _____the best____ (best/ the best).

2. John is (less/ the least) ___the least______ energetic of all the men.

3. My cat is the (prettier/ prettiest) ____prettier_____ of the two.

4. David is the (happier/ happiest) ____happiest_____ person that we know.

5. The museum is (the father/ the farthest) _____the farthest____ away of the three buildings.

Exercise 2: Complete each of the following sentences with comparatives or superlatives. Add “the” where necessary.

1. This is (good) _________food I’ve ever eaten in this country

2. Ha Noi is amongst (polluted) ______________ city in the world.

3. I wish that my house was (spacious)____________________.

4. Admittedly, I anticipated a (good)______________performance of yours. You didn’t prepare well for this, did you?

5. This is not (expensive)__________________car in the showroom. There are many other cars at higher cost.

6. Nam’s house is (far) _____________ from the city center than my house.

7. Urban sprawl has happed (fast) ______________ than ever before.

8. Ha Noi is much (populous) ______________ than my hometown.

9. The city center is (densely) _____________popolated than the suburbs.

10. You can count on Peter. He is ( reliable) _________________ than he appears to be.

11. This singer performs (well) ___________ than she used to be three years ago.

12. This year we travel (far) ______________ than we did last year.

13. I notice that today my daughter looked (happy) ___________ than usual.

14. As people gets old, they try to maitain a ( healthy) _______________ lifestyle than when they are young.

15. Travelling by bus is much (slow) ____________ than travelling by bullet train.

ĐÁP ÁN

1. This is (good) ____the best_____food I’ve ever eaten in this country

2. Ha Noi is amongst (polluted) ______the most polluted________ city in the world.

3. I wish that my house was (spacious)_________more spacious___________.

4. Admittedly, I anticipated a (good)______better________performance of yours. You didn’t prepare well for this, did you?

5. This is not (expensive)_________the most expensive_________car in the showroom. There are many other cars at higher cost.

6. Nam’s house is (far) ______farther_______ from the city center than my house.

7. Urban sprawl has happed (fast) _______faster_______ than ever before.

8. Ha Noi is much (populous) _____more populous_________ than my hometown.

9. The city center is (densely) ______more densely_______popolated than the suburbs.

10. You can count on Peter. He is ( reliable) ________more reliable_________ than he appears to be.

11. This singer performs (well) ____better_______ than she used to be three years ago.

12. This year we travel (far) ________further______ than we did last year.

13. I notice that today my daughter looked (happy) _____happier______ than usual.

14. As people gets old, they try to maitain a ( healthy) _______healthier________ lifestyle than when they are young.

15. Travelling by bus is much (slow) ______slower______ than travelling by bullet train.

Exercise 3: Fill in the comparison with as …. as

1. John is (tall) _____________ Tony.

2. Jane is (beautiful) _____________ Jenifer.

3. Your mobile phone is (not/ trendy) _____________ mine.

4. This yogurt (not/ taste/ good) _____________ the one I bought yesterday

5. We can run (fast) _____________ they can

6. My mom is (not/ strict) _____________ your mum

ĐÁP ÁN

1. John is (tall) _____as tall as________ Tony.

2. Jane is (beautiful) ___as beautiful as__________ Jenifer.

3. Your mobile phone is (not/ trendy) _____not as trendy as________ mine.

4. This yogurt (not/ taste/ good) ______doesn’t taste as good as_______ the one I bought yesterday

5. We can run (fast) _____as fast as________ they can

6. My mom is (not/ strict) _____not as strict as________ your mum

Exercise 4 Write the comparison of equality for the sentences below.

1. Seville is 400C in summer. Cordova is 400C in summer. (is/ hot)

Seville ___________________________ Cordova.

2. John is not very clever. Mary is cleverer. (is/ clever)

John _____________________________ Mary.

3. The blue car is not expensive. The red car is more expensive. (is/ expensive)

The blue car _______________________ the red car.

4. Mrs. Jones talks very quietly. Mrs. Smith talks more loudly. (talk/ loudly)

Mrs. Jones _________________________ Mrs. Smith.

5. The brown house is 100 years old. The green house is 100 years old. (is/ old)

The brown house _________________________ the green house.

6. The impala runs 90km per hour. The cheetah rún 120km per hour. (run/ fast)

The impala ______________________________ the cheetah.

ĐÁP ÁN

1. Seville is as hot as Cordova.

2. John isn’t so/ as clever as Mary.

3. The blue car isn’t so/ as expensive as the red car.

4. Mrs. Jones doesn’t talk so/ as loudly as Mrs. Smith.

5. The brown house is as old as the green house.

6. The impala doesn’t run as/ so fast as the cheetah.

Exercise 5 Điền dạng đúng của từ vào chỗ trống

1. Mom’s watch is … than mine. (expensive)

2. She is the … tennis player in Australia. (good)

3. This luggage is … than mine. (heavy)

4. He runs … than his sister. (quick)

5. Layla is … than Henry but Sophia is the … (tall/tall)

6. Kai reads … books than Daniel but Tom reads the … (many/many)

7. France is as … as London. (beautiful)

8. My brother is three years … than me. (young)

9. This was the … movie I have ever seen. (bad)

10. I speak France … now than two years ago. (fluent)

Đáp án:

1. More expensive;

2. Best;

3. Heavier

4. Quicker;

5. taller/tallest;

6. more/most;

7. Beautiful;

8. Younger;

9. Worst;

10. More fluently

III. Bài tập tự luyện về câu so sánh

Exercise 1. Give the correct form of the adjectives and adverbs in brackets:

1. This chair is ..........…………….. than that one. (comfortable)

2. Your flat is .....................………....... than mine. (large)

3. The weather today is ........................……… than it was yesterday. (hot)

4. The Nile is the ...................……….. river in the world. (long)

5. Chinese bicycles are ..........……………….. than Japanese ones. (bad)

6. Mathematics is ........................…...….. than English. (difficult)

7. Ho Chi Minh is the .............……………. city in Viet Nam. (big)

8. He drives ..............……………than his friend. (careful)

9. She sings .....................……….. in this school. (beautiful)

10. I read ..........................……….. than my sister. (slow)

11. Grace is .....................…………….. girl in our class. (old)

12. This Exercise is ...........….…………..than that one. (easy)

13. He is twice ..............………..as you. (fat)

14. Nam is ................……….. student of all. (noisy)

15. My cold is ..............……….. today than it was yesterday. (good)

Exercise 2. Choose the best option to complete the following sentences:

1. The more she smiles , ................ she becomes.

A. more graceful

B. the most graceful

C. most graceful

D. the more graceful

2. Hotels have developed …………………… restaurants.

A. as rapidly as

B. so rapidly as

C. as rapid as

D. more rapid

3. Can Tho bridge is the …………………… one in the South of Viet Nam.

A. long

B. shortest

C. longest

D. longer

4. Albert Einstein’s contributions to scientific theory were ................ those of Galileo and Newton.

A. important than

B. more important

C. the most important

D. as important as

5. Impalas cannot move as ................ cheetahs but they are more efficient runners.

A. faster than

B. fast as

C. fast

D. are fast as

6. Both are informative articles, but this one is ................ .

A. best

B. the best

C. most

D. better

7. She is the .………… girl in our town.

A. more beautiful

B. beauty

C. most beautiful

D. more beautifully

8. The harder you learn.............

A. The better is your English

B. The better will be your English

C. The better becomes your English

D. The better your English will be

9. Jim is the ................. in his class.

A. clever

B. cleverest

C. cleverer

D. more clever

10. Of the two shirts, this one is ...................

A. the prettiest

B. the most pretty

C. prettier

D. the prettier

11. Your house is ................. mine.

A. as bigger as

B. many times as big as

C. much big as

D. not many times big

12. Last year it wasn’t as cold as this year.

A. This year it is as colder than last year.

B. This year it is colder than last year.

C. This year it isn’t as cold as last year.

D. This year it isn’t colder than last year.

13. She is older than me.

A. I’m more younger than her.

B. I’m as younger as her.

C. I’m more young than her.

D. I’m younger than her.

14. The test is not …………………

A. as difficult as it was last month.

B. so difficult as it was last month

C. more difficult as it was last month.

D. Both A & B are correct

15. The Nile River is ………………… of all.

A. longer

B. the longest

C. long

D. longest

16. .................. we read, .................. we know.

A. The most/ the most

B. The more/ the more

C. Most/ most

D. More/ more

17. It gets ................... Let’s go swimming.

A. hot and hot

B. the more hot

C. more and more hot

D. hotter and hotter

18. Peter usually drives .................. Mary.

A. more fast

B. more fast than

C. more fast

D. faster

19. The problem seems to be ..................

A. more serious

B. more serious than

C. more serious as

D. more and more serious

20. Peter can not earn .................. his wife.

A. as many money as

B. as much money as

C. as many money than

D. as much money than

21. Prices get ..................

A. high and high

B. highest and highest

C. more and more high

D. higher and higher

22. The more manufacturers advise, .................. they sell.

A. the most products

B. the products more

C. the more products

D. most products

23. ................. a car is ................. it is.

A. The more expensive/ the comfortabler

B. The most expensive/ the most comfortable

C. The more expensive/ the more comfortable

D. The less expensive/ the more comfortable

24. Of the five students. Mary is .................

A. more intelligent

B. the more intelligent

C. most intelligent

D. the most intelligent

25. Steel is ................ than wood.

A. more heavy

B. as heavy

C. heavier

D. more heavier

26. A super market is …………………… a shopping center.

A. less convenient as

B. less convenient than

C. not so convenient than

D. the most convenient as

27. Viet Nam becomes …………………… to foreign tourists.

A. more and most attractive

B. the more attractive

C. much and more attractive

D. more and more attractive

28. This car is …………………… than mine.

A. less expensive

B. as expensive

C. expensive

D. not so expensive

29. Tim’s grades are …………………… than John.

A. worse

B. worst

C. as bad

D. so bad

30. The …………………… we start, the sooner we will be back.

A. early

B. earliest

C. earlier

D. more early

Exercise 3. Rewrite each of the following sentences in such a way that it has the same meaning as the sentence printed before it.

1. My kitchen is smaller than yours.

→ Your kitchen ……………………………

2. No one in the class is taller than Dave.

→ Dave is ………………………………

3. Mum doesn’t speak English as well as Dad.

→ Dad ……………………………………

4. Lan is better cook than Hoa.

→ Hoa can’t ………………………………

5. No restaurant in the city is better than that one.

→ That restaurant is ……………………

6. This watch is worse than that one.

→ That watch ……………………

7. My sister writes more carefully than she did.

→ My sister …………………………

8. This story is more interesting than any other story that I have ever read.

→ This is the ………………………

9. She is the most beautiful girl I have ever known.

→ I’ve never ................................

10. Peter does not drive so carefully as Tom.

→ Tom……………………………

Exercise 4

1. Mr. Brown receives a ............. salary than anyone else in the company.

A. bigHotwordStyle=None;

B. more biggerHotwordStyle=None;

C. biggerHotwordStyle=None;

D. the bigger

2. My young brother grew very quickly and soon he was ........... my mother.

A. more big thanHotwordStyle=None;

B. so big thanHotwordStyle=None;

C. as big asHotwordStyle=None;

D. too big than

3. He is not ……………………tall as his father.

A. the

B. as

C. than

D. more

4. John’s grades are ………………..than his sister’s.

A. higher

B. more high

C. high

D. the highest

5. Deana is the …………………… of the three sisters.

A. most short

B. shorter

C. shortest

D. more short

6. She speaks English as ………………. as her friend does.

A. good

B. well

C. better

D. the best

7. Of the three shirts, this one is the ………………… .

A. prettier

B. most prettiest

C. prettiest

D. most pretty

8. The baby’s illness is ………………… than we thought at first.

A. bad

B. worst

C. worse

D. badly

9. Today is the ………………… day of the month.

A. hot

B. hotter

C. hottest

D. hottest than

10 He works more ………………….. than I.

A. slow

B. slowly

C. slowest

D. most slowly

11. My book is as …………………. as yours.

A. good

B. well

C. better

D. the best

12. I love you ………………….. than I can say.

A. much

B. many

C. more

D. the most

13. It’s ……………… to go by bus than by car.

A. cheaper

B. cheapest

C. more cheap

D. more cheaper

14. That house is ……………… one on the street.

A. oldest

B. the oldest

C. old

D. older

15. I can't cook as well as my mother does.

A. My mother can cook better than I can.

B. My mother can't cook better than I can.

C. My mother can cook well than I can.

D. I can cook better than my mother can.

16. My interview lasted longer than yours.

A. Your interview wasn’t as short as mine.

B. Your interview was shorter than mine.

C. Your interview was as long as mine.

D. Your interview was longer than mine.

Exercise 5. Use the correct tense or form of the words in parentheses:

1. Most of the students did …………… on their test. Their test results were …………... (good)

2. James looked very (sad) …………………... because she lost the game.

3. The children seemed ……………………. They played …………… in the garden. (happy)

4. He is a ……………….. man. He always drives ………………….. (careful)

5. The weather was so ……………...... yesterday. (awful)

6. I can’t remember ……………………….. what happened. (clear)

7. I was disappointed that I did so …………………… in the exam. (bad)

8. It was raining ………………………. so we stayed at home. (heavy)

9. Mary speaks English very ………………………. (fluent)

10. Nam is a …………………….. student. (good)

Exercise 6. Use the correct kind of comparison form of adjectives and adverbs:

1. Your house is ………………….. than my house. (big)

2. These books are ………………… than those books. (thick)

3. Hoi An Ancient Town is the …………………….. town in Vietnam. (old)

4. The Great Wall of China is the world’s …………………. structure. (long)

5. Nam is ………………. than Ba. He is ……………………. boy in class 6A. (tall)

6. This girl is …………………… than that girl. (clever)

7. Mary is ……………………… as her sister. (pretty)

8. The Nile River is the ………………….. river in the world. (long)

9. A new house is ………………………. than an old one. (expensive)

10. We’ve had …………………. difficulty with this part than that one. (little)

11. His English is …………………….. of these students. (good)

12. Mount Everest is ……………………… mountain in the world. (high)

13. Travelling by air or car, which is ………………………… ? (interesting)

14. It’s too noisy here. Can we go somewhere …………………… ? (quiet)

15. Hanoi is ……………………… than Ho Chi Minh City. (small)

16. PETRONAS Twins Towers are ……………………… than Sears Towers. (tall)

17. Thanks to the progress of science, our life is becoming ………… and ………… (good)

18. In order to get good marks, we have to do ………………….. practice. (far)

19. John is much …………………… than I thought. (strong)

20. Mr. Kelly is ………………………… man in that organization. (popular)

............

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